Pathways to Gender-Inclusive Economic Development in Sub-Saharan Africa: A Sectoral Analysis – South Africa Report

November 27, 2023
By The Pathways Study Steering Committee: Euromonitor International; International Cooperative Research Group, research and learning arm of the U.S. Overseas Cooperative Development Council; United States Agency for International Development; Mastercard Foundation; International Development Research Centre; United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women; and the African Trade Policy Centre, specialised unit within the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa.

The multi-partner, “Pathways to Gender-Inclusive Economic Development in Sub-Saharan Africa: A Sectoral Analysis” study encompasses 13 countries including: Angola, Botswana, Cameroon, Côte d’Ivoire, Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, South Africa, Tanzania, and Uganda. Through a combination of primary and secondary research, the study identifies the growing economic sectors in each country that hold the most promising and lucrative opportunities for women, especially young women. The study also reviews the cultural norms, policies, legal provisions, skillsets, and other factors that can support women’s success in the workforce and as entrepreneurs in those growing sectors, including the positive potential role for cooperatives.

In South Africa, gender equality has improved across educational access, health outcomes and political representation. Room for improvement still exists including closing the gender pay gap, addressing women’s higher unemployment and supporting women’s progress to higher skilled jobs. This is vital for Black African women who have the lowest rates of formal employment and the lowest earnings.

The South Africa country report covers the Manufacturing (CTFL – Clothing, Textiles, Footwear, & Leather), Wholesale and Trade, and Real Estate sectors, including sector-specific key findings and proposed policy and programmatic recommendations.

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