2015 by Novkovic, S., & Miner, K. for International Cooperative Alliance – Co-operative Governance Fit to Build Resilience in the Face of Complexity.
Novkovic and Miner argue that large organizations need to break complexity down into manageable units and decompose decision-making into a network for independent control centres- in other words, polycentric or network governance.
- Humanism- People centered approach – people are intrinsically motivated social beings, balancing personal and group interests
- Joint Distributed Ownership and Control- Distribution of ownership rights equally among all members; holding assets in non-divisible reserves
- Democracy (self governance) – autonomous, democratic decision making
This article contributes strongly to the overall idea that democratic member control and member economic participation serves as a strong foundation in which cooperatives can apply to improve their resilience.